Rutgers University-Ernest Mario School of PharmacyEOHSI- Toxicology
Work Phone: 848-445-0142 -Officework
Work Phone: 848-445-0113 – Labwork
Work Email: email@example.comINTERNET
Dr. Stapleton is an Assistant Professor in the Rutgers University, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, and the Joint Graduate Program in Toxicology. She received her B.S. in Biology and Athletic Training from State University of New York (SUNY) College at Cortland, a M.S.Ed. in Kinesiology from Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, and a Ph.D. in Exercise Physiology from West Virginia University. She completed her postdoctoral training within the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology at West Virginia University.
The microcirculation branch of the cardiovascular system encompasses the arterioles, capillaries, and venules within an organ or tissue of interest. These highly active vessels serve to maintain homeostasis by regulating blood flow and tissue perfusion, thus providing nutrients and removing waste. Central to proper reactivity is the health and function of the endothelium, a single cell layer lining the vasculature. The Stapleton laboratory investigates the microvascular perturbations associated with normal physiological challenges (exercise or pregnancy), disease, and exposures to environmental and/or occupational xenobiotics.
Using engineered nanomaterials, studies focus on the question: how can something we inhale affect the cardiovascular system? Recently, her research group has investigated non-traditional models of exposure by incorporating reproductive toxicology. These studies focus on exposures during pregnancy leading to the development of a hostile gestational environment identified through microvascular evaluations of the mother. These prenatal exposures impact fetal development and may predispose future generations to cardiovascular aberrations. The Stapleton laboratory is funded by NIH K99ES024783.
- Identified and visualized nanoplastic particles are able to translocate from the maternal lungs to the fetal tissues after pulmonary exposure in late pregnancy.
- Development of a novel placental perfusion technique to quantify material transfer from the maternal uterine circulation to the fetal umbilical circulation and measure biomarkers of uteroplacental function.
- Identification of the development of a hostile gestational environment after engineered nanomaterial exposure during pregnancy.
- Development of a novel intravital microscopy technique to visualize the vasculature of the pregnant uterus.
- Investigations of mitochondrial function and bioenergetics in young exposed to xenobiotic matter during gestation.
- Identification of microvascular dysfunction and behavioral alterations associated with engineered nanomaterial exposure in gestation.
- Dr. Stapleton received the Outstanding New Environmental Scientist (ONES) Award from NIEHS.
- Mr. Andrés D. Rivera Ruiz was awarded the SOT Undergraduate Diversity Award in 2021 for his work as an 2020 Virtual SURF trainee.
- Ms. Chelsea Cary won the 2021 Graduate Student Trainee Award from the Cardiovascular Toxicology Specialty Section of the Society of Toxicology (SOT).
- Dr. Stapleton received the 2021 New Career Scientist Award from the Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology Specialty Section of the Society of Toxicology (SOT).
- Dr. Stapleton received the 2020 Young Investigator Award from the Inhalation and Respiratory Toxicology Specialty Section of the Society of Toxicology (SOT).
- Invited speaker to the NIEHS 50th Anniversary Celebration with SOT titled SOT and NIEHS Past, Present, and Future: 50 Years of Collaboration.
- Past-President of the Allegheny-Erie Regional Chapter of the Society of Toxicology.
- Dr. Stapleton recently published a symposia review of Gestational Nanomaterial Exposures in the Journal of Physiology (2016) 594(8):2161-73. (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26332609)
- Dr. Stapleton has been awarded the Impact Award by the Cardiovascular Toxicology Specialty Section of SOT (2016), the Best Publication Award by the Nanotoxicology Specialty Section of SOT (2016), and the Best Postdoctoral Publication Award by the Postdoctoral Assembly of SOT (2014).
- Appointed as Review Editor for Frontiers in Vascular Physiology (2012).
In the News
- Phoebe Stapleton, Ph.D., A.T.C. featured in the Plastic Soup Foundation series “Inhale, Exhale” in Netherlands – February, 2021 —WATCH SEGMENT
- Dr. Stapleton and her collaborators were featured in The Guardian’s story “Plastic particle pass from mothers into fetuses, rat study shows“.
- Phoebe Stapleton, Ph.D., A.T.C. featured in Consumer Reports: How to Eat Less Plastic. May 5, 2020
- Dr. Stapleton and her collaborators were awarded the 2019 Best Paper of the Year, published in Particle and Fibre Toxicology. Their manuscript, ‘Maternal Engineered Nanomaterial Inhalation During Gestation Alters the Fetal Transcriptome’, represents the best cutting-edge research published in the journal. The paper was selected by the journal’s Editorial Board and is scored by its citations, downloads, and impact in the year. This award-winning manuscript can be found here and more information about the journal Particle and Fibre Toxicology can be found here.
- Dr. Stapleton was quoted in TIME magazine article, “Should You Worry About Plastic Particles in Bottled Water?” (6/3/2019).
- Ms. Charlotte Love was awarded a 2019 Pfizer SOT Undergraduate Travel Award for her work in the Stapleton Lab during her 2018 SURF experience.
- Dr. Stapleton’s recently published study was highlighted in Rutgers Today (3/2019).
- Ms. Jeanine D’Errico was awarded a 2017 BMS Summer Internship within the Department of Drug Safety Evaluation worked alongside members of their Molecular Toxicology group.
- Adams, S, Stapleton, PA. Nanoparticles at the maternal-fetal interface. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2023;578 :112067. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2023.112067. PubMed PMID:37689342
- Stapleton, PA. The Application of Engineered Nanomaterials in Perinatal Therapeutics. Small. 2023; :e2303072. doi: 10.1002/smll.202303072. PubMed PMID:37438678
- Cary, C, Stapleton, P. Determinants and mechanisms of inorganic nanoparticle translocation across mammalian biological barriers. Arch Toxicol. 2023;97 (8):2111-2131. doi: 10.1007/s00204-023-03528-x. PubMed PMID:37303009
- Cary, CM, Seymore, TN, Singh, D, Vayas, KN, Goedken, MJ, Adams, S, Polunas, M, Sunil, VR, Laskin, DL, Demokritou, P et al.. Single inhalation exposure to polyamide micro and nanoplastic particles impairs vascular dilation without generating pulmonary inflammation in virgin female Sprague Dawley rats. Part Fibre Toxicol. 2023;20 (1):16. doi: 10.1186/s12989-023-00525-x. PubMed PMID:37088832 PubMed Central PMC10122824
- Cary, CM, DeLoid, GM, Yang, Z, Bitounis, D, Polunas, M, Goedken, MJ, Buckley, B, Cheatham, B, Stapleton, PA, Demokritou, P et al.. Ingested Polystyrene Nanospheres Translocate to Placenta and Fetal Tissues in Pregnant Rats: Potential Health Implications. Nanomaterials (Basel). 2023;13 (4):. doi: 10.3390/nano13040720. PubMed PMID:36839088 PubMed Central PMC9965230
- Bowdridge, EC, Thompson, J, Bourque, S, Stapleton, P. Editorial: Getting to the heart of developmental toxicities. Front Toxicol. 2023;5 :1138470. doi: 10.3389/ftox.2023.1138470. PubMed PMID:36726487 PubMed Central PMC9886310
- Halvorson, BD, Menon, NJ, Goldman, D, Frisbee, SJ, Goodwill, AG, Butcher, JT, Stapleton, PA, Brooks, SD, d’Audiffret, AC, Wiseman, RW et al.. The development of peripheral microvasculopathy with chronic metabolic disease in obese Zucker rats: a retrograde emergence?. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2022;323 (3):H475-H489. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00264.2022. PubMed PMID:35904886 PubMed Central PMC9448278
- Seymore, TN, Rivera-Núñez, Z, Stapleton, PA, Adibi, JJ, Barrett, ES. Phthalate Exposures and Placental Health in Animal Models and Humans: A Systematic Review. Toxicol Sci. 2022;188 (2):153-179. doi: 10.1093/toxsci/kfac060. PubMed PMID:35686923 PubMed Central PMC9333406
- D’Errico, JN, Doherty, C, Reyes George, JJ, Buckley, B, Stapleton, PA. Maternal, placental, and fetal distribution of titanium after repeated titanium dioxide nanoparticle inhalation through pregnancy. Placenta. 2022;121 :99-108. doi: 10.1016/j.placenta.2022.03.008. PubMed PMID:35305398 PubMed Central PMC9010360
- Stapleton, PA. Micro- and nanoplastic transfer, accumulation, and toxicity in humans. Curr Opin Toxicol. 2021;28 :62-69. doi: 10.1016/j.cotox.2021.10.001. PubMed PMID:34901583 PubMed Central PMC8654083
- Engler-Chiurazzi EB, Stapleton PA, Stalnaker JJ, Rambo-Hernandez KE, Sarkar SN, Jun S, Quintana DD, Ren X, Hu Heng, Nurkiewicz TR, McBride CR, Yi J, Simpkins JW. Adult Behavioral Consequences of Prenatal Engineered Nanomaterial Exposure in Rodents. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Part A. 2016; 79(11): 447-52. doi: 10.1080/15287394.2016.1164101.
- Stapleton PA. Gestational xenobiotic exposures: microvascular implications for the past, present, and future. Journal of Physiology. Apr; 594(8): 2161-73, 2016. (invited symposium review) doi: 10.1113/JP270581.
- Stapleton PA, Nichols CE, Yi J, McBride CR, Minarchick VC, Shepherd DL, Hollander JM, Nurkiewicz TR. Microvascular and mitochondrial dysfunction in the female F1 generation after gestational TiO2 nanoparticle exposure. Nanotoxicology. 2015 Nov;9(8): 941-51. doi: 10.3109/17435390.2014.984251.
- Nichols CE, Shepherd DL, Knuckles TL, Thapa D, Stricker JC, Stapleton PA, Minarchick VC, Alway SE, Nurkiewicz TR, Hollander JM. Cardiac and Mitochondrial Dysfunction Following Acute Pulmonary Exposure to Mountaintop Removal Mining Particulate Matter. American Journal of Physiology – Heart and Circulatory Physiology. Dec; 309(12): H2017-30, 2015. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00353.2015.
- Stapleton PA, McBride CR, Yi J, Nurkiewicz TR. Uterine microvascular sensitivity to nanomaterial inhalation: an in vivo assessment. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Nov; 288(3): 420-8, 2015. doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2015.08.013
- Stapleton PA, Minarchick VC, Yi J, Engels K, McBride CR, Nurkiewicz TR. Maternal engineered nanomaterial exposure and fetal microvascular function: does the Barker hypothesis apply? Am J Obstet Gynecol. Sep; 209(3): 227.e1-227.e11, 2013. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2013.04.036.
- Stapleton PA, Minarchick VC, Cumpston AM, McKinney W, Chen BT, Sager TM, Frazer DG, Mercer RR, Scabilloni J, Andrew M, Castranova V, Nurkiewicz TR. Impairment of coronary arteriolar endothelium-dependent dilation after multiwalled-carbon nanotube inhalation: a time course study. IJMS. Oct; 13: 13781-13803, 2012. doi: 10.3390/ijms131113781.
- Stapleton PA, Minarchick V, Knuckles TL, Nurkiewicz TR. Xenobiotic Particle Exposure and Microvascular Endpoints: A Call to Arms. Microcirculation. Feb; 19(2):126-42, 2012. doi: 10.1111/j.1549-8719.2011.00137.x.