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Michael Gochfeld M.D., Ph.D.

Professor Emeritus Rutgers UniversityEOHSI – Clinical Research and Occupational Medicine
Work EOHSI Room 206 170 Frelinghuysen Rd Piscataway NJ 08854 Work Phone: 848-445-6083
Photo of Michael Gochfeld M.D., Ph.D.

Biographical Info

Research Areas

My main area of research has focused on heavy metals exposure and effect. The current emphasis is on the relationship between mercury and selenium exposure and balancing the risks against benefits of fish consumption. Much of this work involves Native American and Alaskan Native communities.

A second area focuses on the environmental consequences of energy options, examining nuclear options in the light of the spent nuclear fuel impasse and the Fukushima disaster vs unintended consequences of renewable energy. This has been developed as an outgrowth of our CRESP work on hazardous waste, risk management, and land use decisions with the U.S. Department of Energy.

A third area focuses on incorporating workplace health and safety equity into the EPA’s “Environmental Justice” paradigm.

Research Highlights

  • Participation in an EPA Environmental Justice Symposium resulted in exploration of the importance of outliers in risk management and the importance of occupational exposures as part of a comprehensive Environmental Justice paradigm.
  • The role of selenium in protecting against mercury toxicity has been known for 40 years, but the mechanism(s) of the interaction remain unclear. This study examines whether the Se:Hg molar ratio predicts mercury toxicity from fish consumption.

Scholarly Activities

  • Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine: Chair of Curriculum Committee
  • Robert Wood Johnson Medical School: M1 Block Directors Committee
  • Special Committee on Health, Productivity, and Disability Management, American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
  • Chair Committee on History of OSHA Permissible Exposure Limits

Recent Publications

  1. Burger, J, Gochfeld, M. A template of information needs for decision-making about delaying remediation on contaminated lands to protect human health. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2020;83 (10):379-394. doi: 10.1080/15287394.2020.1763221. PubMed PMID:32501180
  2. Burger, J, Gochfeld, M, Kosson, DS, Brown, KG, Salisbury, JA, Jeitner, C. Risk to ecological resources following remediation can be due mainly to increased resource value of successful restoration: A case study from the Department of Energy's Hanford Site. Environ Res. 2020;186 :109536. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.109536. PubMed PMID:32344209
  3. Gaitens, JM, Potter, BK, D'Alleyrand, JG, Overmann, AL, Gochfeld, M, Smith, DR, Breyer, R, McDiarmid, MA. The management of embedded metal fragment patients and the role of chelation Therapy: A workshop of the Department of Veterans Affairs-Walter Reed National Medical Center. Am J Ind Med. 2020;63 (5):381-393. doi: 10.1002/ajim.23098. PubMed PMID:32144801
  4. Burger, J, Gochfeld, M, Kosson, DS, Brown, KG, Salisbury, J, Jeitner, C. A paradigm for protecting ecological resources following remediation as a function of future land use designations: a case study for the Department of Energy's Hanford Site. Environ Monit Assess. 2020;192 (3):181. doi: 10.1007/s10661-020-8084-x. PubMed PMID:32065319
  5. Burger, J, Gochfeld, M, Jeitner, C. Importance of buffer lands to determining risk to ecological resources at legacy contaminated sites: A case study for the Department of Energy's Hanford Site, Washington, USA. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2019;82 (22):1151-1163. doi: 10.1080/15287394.2019.1702911. PubMed PMID:31852396
  6. Burger, J, Tsipoura, N, Niles, L, Dey, A, Jeitner, C, Gochfeld, M. Heavy Metals in Biota in Delaware Bay, NJ: Developing a Food Web Approach to Contaminants. Toxics. 2019;7 (2):. doi: 10.3390/toxics7020034. PubMed PMID:31200491 PubMed Central PMC6631324
  7. Burger, J, Zappalorti, RT, Gochfeld, M, Jeitner, C, DeVito, E, Howell, J. A paradigm for information needed to protect at-risk species: northern pine snake (Pituophis melanoleucus) in the pine barrens as a case study. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2019;82 (6):422-435. doi: 10.1080/15287394.2019.1615587. PubMed PMID:31096868
  8. Burger, J, Gochfeld, M, Lacy, C. Concerns and future preparedness plans of a vulnerable population in New Jersey following Hurricane Sandy. Disasters. 2019;43 (3):658-685. doi: 10.1111/disa.12350. PubMed PMID:30990925
  9. Burger, J, Mizrahi, D, Jeitner, C, Tsipoura, N, Mobley, J, Gochfeld, M. Metal and metalloid levels in blood of semipalmated sandpipers (Calidris pusilla) from Brazil, Suriname, and Delaware Bay: Sentinels of exposure to themselves, their prey, and predators that eat them. Environ Res. 2019;173 :77-86. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2019.02.048. PubMed PMID:30901611
  10. Burger, J, Gochfeld, M, Lacy, C. Ethnic differences in risk: experiences, medical needs, and access to care after hurricane Sandy in new jersey. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2019;82 (2):128-141. doi: 10.1080/15287394.2019.1568329. PubMed PMID:30722754 PubMed Central PMC6419501
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Categories: Faculty, Clinical Research and Occupational Medicine, Member
Updated 6 months ago.